Photovoltaic cells and microelectromechanical systems have a problem: they collect dirt. What to do? Look to the lotus, says a EurekAlert article about research at Georgia Institute of Technology. Dr. C. P. Wong and team took inspiration from the self-cleaning surfaces of lotus leaves. “Despite growing in muddy conditions, the leaves and flowers remain clean because their surfaces are composed of micron- and nano-scale structures that –along with a waxy coating –prevent dirt and water from adhering,” the article says. “Despite their unusual surface properties, the rough surfaces allow photosynthesis to continue in the leaves.” Rain just beads up when it hits these amazing leaves, and any dirt gets carried off with the water as it rolls off. How does it do this? “The plant’s ability to repel water and dirt results from an unusual combination of a superhydrophobic (water-repelling) surface and a combination of micron-scale hills and valleys and nanometer-scale waxy bumps that create rough surfaces that don’t give water or dirt a chance to adhere.” It took awhile to find a material that could mimic these properties and also survive UV radiation in sunlight. They found a working prototype in “a combination of silicone, fluorocarbons, and inorganics such as titanium dioxide and silicon dioxide.” While lacking the self-regenerating properties of the lotus leaf, this surface mimics the structural properties that prevent water droplets from adhering. This could be a real boon for those large insulators on power poles that are difficult to clean, but can short out with dust accumulation. Another application could save your life some day. Lotus-imitative materials could be used by doctors to avoid clots from forming on prosthetic devices, such as stents. Even when rushing to the hospital in the rain, you may not need windshield wipers if you have lotus-like glass installed (see 01/18/2005 and 10/27/2004 entries). Dr. Wong commented, “The lotus plant is yet another example of how researchers can learn surprising lessons from what Nature has provided.”Articles like this typically fail to mention anything about evolution. This was no exception. One could argue that research like this is owned and operated, from conception to application, by intelligent design, inc.(Visited 7 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
15 July 2005DaimlerChrysler South Africa has awarded a group of young KwaZulu-Natal entrepreneurs R100 000 for their environment-friendly business.The Khula Village Environmental Group – locally known as the “Green Team” – are based in a small rural settlement next to the Dukuduku Forest on the fringes of the Greater St Lucia Wetland Park in Zululand. Their example may be just the thing for unemployed youngsters looking for gaps in the job market.Not long ago the group’s five men and women, aged between 22 and 28, had no jobs and little chance of finding work.But Siphiwe Mjadu, Sizakele Mngomezulu, Balindile Ndlovu, Bongumusa Dube and Sibusiso Bukhosini have one thing in common: they realise the environment has economic value.So they set up a small business to plant trees, recycle refuse and clear alien vegetation. Their client list soon grew to include landscaping contracts.“Someone, somewhere made an impression on them that the environment is important,” says Charmaine Veldman, project manager of the Wildlands Conservation Trust, an organisationi that promotes conservation-based community development in KwaZulu-Natal.“Entirely of their own volition they started an environmental group. With little knowledge of conservation but much enthusiasm, they approached me and offered their services.”The group wrote a constitution and formalised their setup.“We taught them about alien plants and the damage they do to the ecology, and they began removing the aliens and replanting indigenous vegetation,” Veldman says.“The remarkable thing about this group is that they are not only doing this to make money. They are really passionate about the environment. Everything they have achieved has been from their own efforts.”Support from DaimlerChryslerThe Greem Team’s work so impressed DaimlerChrysler South Africa that the company awarded them R100 000.“They’re a great example for unemployed youngsters who want to make money while also contributing to their surroundings,” says Tina Buys, the company’s head of corporate social responsibility.“DaimlerChrysler first got involved with the Khula community last year by sponsoring the construction cost of the Simunye Community Tourism Association Office at the entrance to Khula Village.”The tourism office is the first in South Africa to be entirely owned and operated by members of the local community.“With the community’s enthusiasm and entrepreneurial spirit, already half a dozen small businesses are being run in and around the centre. These include an authentic Zulu cultural village and a restaurant, which have become successful standalone businesses.“When DaimlerChrysler heard about the Green Team they leapt at the chance to provide funding.”Slowing the tourists downLitter and the invasive alien plant chromalena almost took over the area before the Green Team started cleaning up both waste and vegetation.“The community knew it had to find ways to bring tourists into Khula Village,” says Dr Andrew Venter, CEO of the Wildlands Conservation Trust. “The aim is that visitors slow down, not speed up, when driving past the village.”Caiphas Mkhwanazi, Khula Village community leader, is grateful for the help the village has received.“We would like to thank DaimlerChrysler for the support they have given us, and for helping the community achieve their vision of making Khula Village a prosperous as well as a beautiful place,” he says.TreepreneursAnother initiative in the area is the Wildlands Conservation Trust’s “Treepreneur” project, which encourages local communities to grow and sell indigenous trees.Income from the trees is used to pay for school fees, education material and basic needs.“Families have adopted the scheme with great pride, using any materials at hand to provide shelter and protection for the young plants,” says Buys.“The trees are also used to barter for vegetables, bicycles, stationery, household goods and more. With the success of the various initiatives, DaimlerChrysler is investigating a third phase of community upliftment in 2006.”But for now, the five Green Team youngsters are hard at work.“If a group wants to work for the environment there are many organisations they can approach,” says Veldman. “They can offer their services as a voluntary group until they have the necessary skills to make money from their work. Persistence always pays off.”SouthAfrica.info reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
SummaryReviewer Nathalie DuboisReview Date2019-07-13 07:15:48Reviewed Item S-noilite® UK Women 24 Inches (60cm) Maroon mix Dark Red One Piece Long Curly Wavy 3/4 Full Head Clip In Hair Extensions ExtensionRating 4.3 / 5 stars, based on 4 reviews This is perfect for my hair colour. Have bought 2, one to practise with and one for the wedding. Thanks so much will def buy again. Lovely thick extensions, i use them to bulk out my hair when putting it up and it mixes in well with my own hair, the clips needed refixing after wearing but for the price i’m not complaining. Nice however isn’t evenly spread out so looks weird if you wear it down. Key specs for S-noilite® UK Women 24 Inches (60cm) Maroon mix Dark Red One Piece Long Curly Wavy 3/4 Full Head Clip In Hair Extensions Extension:One piece wavy hair extension with 5 clips, very easy to wearLength:24″, Weight:140g, colours:maroon mix dark red, Materials:South Korean fiber, one of the best syntheticCan be washed and straightened easily as long as the temperature less than 150 degree but can NOT be curled or dyedPerfect for weddings and partiesPostage: We post it within 24 hours and you can get it within 1-2 working days after postageComments from buyers“Nice extensions , Nice but. , Lovely thick extensions, I use them to bulk out “ I bought 2 of these sets of extensions but found that i only needed the one. I have quite long hair but i wanted it to look fuller, and these did the job well. The colour didn’t match my hair perfectly, but on a night out it wasn’t noticeable. Please note, that pic was taken at almost the end of the night so my hair wasn’t looking it’s best as my curls had dropped, but of course the curls in my extensions were still in so i still think i looked okay. Posted on July 13, 2019Author Nathalie DuboisCategories Hair ExtensionsTags S-noilite
Looking for more Premiere Pro tips? Check out these articles.The Secret to Working with Motion Blur in Adobe Premiere ProHow to Create Text Effects and Animations in Premiere ProHow to Speed Up or Reverse a Clip in Premiere ProMaster Premiere Pro’s Timeline with Source PatchingQuick Tip: Fixing a Crooked Horizon in Premiere Pro Here’s how to bring artificial light into your project with the Lighting Effects tool in Premiere or overlaying light leaks and lens flares.Using lighting effects in post-production can be a saving grace if you didn’t have the resources to pull off an effect in camera. While practical lighting effects are better, sometimes using the Lighting Effects tool in Premiere can save a shot. In this article, we’re going to dive into how you can use the Lighting Effects tool to create spotlights, directional light, or even do some cool color shifting in Premiere. As an added bonus, we’re also going to show you how to incorporate light overlays with opacity tools that you can download for free.Let’s get started!Lighting Effects Tool in PremiereOpen Premiere, and drag your clip into your timeline. In your Effects tab, go to the Video Effects tab, Adjust, then drag over Lighting Effects onto your clip. In your Effect Controls tab, you now have access to the lighting effects.There are many parameters that you can change, but let’s start with the major light types available in the Light Type menu: spotlight, directional, and omni.SpotlightObviously, this lighting effect looks like a spotlight you would find in a hard source on set. It creates a pointed artificial light that you can adjust using multiple parameters:Major Radius changes the size of the light source.Minor Radius changes the spread of the light.Angle changes where the light’s angle of approach.Focus adjusts the focus point of the light.Intensity changes the power of the light.OmniThe Omni light type provides a perfectly circular light shape. The Omni light has the same tools as the Spotlight, with the omission of angle, minor radius, angle, and focus.DirectionalThe Directional light type adjusts the actual light sources in your clip. You can adjust the light color here or even bring up the intensity. The Directional tool doesn’t seem to have the same power as the other two light types, but you can use it as a de facto exposure dial.Ambient Light AdjustmentsIf you would like to adjust the color of the light not being affected by the artificial light you have added, there are the Ambient Light adjustments available at your disposal. The Ambient Light color parameter will shift the color of the light outside of the source. You can also adjust the intensity of the ambient light and the exposure.If you want even more parameters to adjust your artificial light, shift around the Surface settings (Gloss and Material). These two settings adjust the power and feathering of the light source.Light OverlaysOutside of the Lighting Effects in Premiere, you can also use overlays to create artificial light in your project. This is light recorded in a studio over a black background and then placed on top of your source clip to add cool lighting effects. You then play with the opacity settings to make the light look like it’s actually a diegetic source in your clip.Todd Blankenship over at RocketStock has an excellent explainer video about how to incorporate light leaks and overlays into your project. To get started, download these 16 free volumetric lighting overlays available from RocketStock.
A New Role “India Takes Charge” (March 31) lucidly explained India’s new role in international affairs. And it is fortuitous that it has come at a time when the rest of the non-aligned world has realised the need for South-South cooperation, a new global economic order and disarmament. With India,A New Role”India Takes Charge” (March 31) lucidly explained India’s new role in international affairs. And it is fortuitous that it has come at a time when the rest of the non-aligned world has realised the need for South-South cooperation, a new global economic order and disarmament. With India steering NAM on to a more even keel it is possible for the dream of Nehru, Tito and Nasser to become a reality.Delhi Rajiv HandaBy hosting the summit with such perfection and at such short notice Mrs Gandhi has once again boosted our prestige in the international political arena.Calcutta Sabuj SenHaving seen Mrs Gandhi’s performance at the summit no one can doubt her ability to defuse crises and provide leadership. Now if only she would turn these talents back to the problems in India.New Delhi Rajesh RahejaHegde’s ProblemsThe view expressed in “The End Of The Beginning” (March 31) that Ramakrishna Hegde “continues to face difficulties in prodding his government into action” is not correct. Hegde has no one to blame but himself. He has replaced a police officer of unquestioned integrity like K.C.K. Raja with one who was indicted by the Kudoor and Desai commissions. He has appointed three more director generals of police and has therefore gone against his own dictum of not creating any new appointments. Even those accused of dereliction of duty during the circus tragedy and the press siege have been promoted. And to cap it all he has, in his new budget, given the go-by to two of his campaign promises – abolition of the professional tax and advancement of the retirement age from 55 to 58. Clearly then Hegde has no one to blame but himself for his lacklustre performance.Raichur A. KrishnanThe Wrong TrackThe article “On A Losing Track” (March 31) had a mistake. Apta and Roha are not in Madhya Pradesh but in Maharashtra.Khopoli C.B. MishraAssam AtrocitiesThe cover story “A State Ravaged” (March 15) dealt with the plight of the Assamese with precision and sympathy. Our Government is the first to issue statements about atrocities anywhere in the world but seems incapable of dealing with it in the country. But now the urgency of the situation cannot be disguised any longer and everything must be done to ensure that sanity prevails.Chandigarh Tom IfonI cannot comprehend how the author says that the agitation was non-violent till the elections were declared. For the last four years there have been numerous murders and constant harassment of people who do not support the agitation. And how did the agitators manage to get their hands on bombs and guns as soon as the elections were announced? I think it is time that we recognise the agitators for what they are – a threat to national security.Howrah Vivek GhoshThe photographs were gruesome and I had to steel myself before looking at them. I cannot understand how the Government can be so unbending specially when the J&K Government can get away with Article 370.Jammu Padmini JamwalThe decision to replace the Non-aligned Movement with Assam on the cover was a very sound one. And the report further justified this decision as it was a cut above the others published in various journals.Madras K. MohantyThe Government’s policy of divide and rule is having its pernicious effect in Assam. The state is now sharply divided along religious, linguistic and ethnic lines and is in grave danger of breaking up. I think people from all parts should come to Assam and raise the consciousness about this problem in their areas. The rest of the country should know that this is happening in Assam today – it could happen in their own states tomorrow.Jorhat Arup SaikiaIf nothing else then the scale of pre-election violence should convince the Government that in order to save Assam they will have to negotiate with the agitation leaders. If they don’t then they will have to deal with Bangladeshi infiltration in many other states.Gothenburg, Sweden Pawan SagarIt is only right that if the Centre cannot send Bangladeshis who migrated to Assam between 1961-71 back then they should resettle them throughout India. Why should Assam alone bear the brunt of the refugees? They sought sanctuary in India, not Assam.Rourkela Nirad C. MohantaNo matter how newsworthy you thought Assam, I think it was in very bad taste to put it on the cover and make the Government vulnerable to criticism from the leaders who came for the NAM summit. The Assam massacres though heinous and barbaric could have waited. A reputed and responsible journal like INDIA TODAY should have known better than to wash our dirty linen in public.Ludhiana Nilam MunjialNellie Nightmare”The Nellie Nightmare” (March 15) saddened me beyond measure. It is always the helpless and the poor who pay for the deeds of power-hungry politicians.Meghalaya B. LyndohOn how many elephants will the lady who rode to Belchi ride to go and console the people of Nellie?Nathamkovilpatti V. SubramanyamIt is a pity that the correspondent has taken a pro-agitation line. For four years a bunch of chauvinistic and renegade students have held the country to ransom. Having destroyed the economic and educational institutions in the state and brought the administration to a standstill they have only themselves to blame for Assam’s economic backwardness. If they were serious about negotiations things could have been worked out by now.Sambhalpur Rupa MohantyThe slogan of the agitators is Jai Ai Asom not Jai Ai Ahom as written in the article. Asom is Assam and the Ahoms are a section of the Assamese people.Gauhati Mansh Barthakur’J’Accuse’The comment “A Bloody Price” (March 15) is full of brave phrases like “Culpability cannot be evaded… the carnage will not be forgotton… those responsible will not be forgiven”. But they ring pitifully hollow!Culpability, with your and the rest of the media’s able assistance, is well on its way to the usual evasion. You say “the Central Government is culpable”, and with that you have already evaded the issue. For you know perfectly well that decisions are taken by people and not by amorphous entities like governments! Assuming that you are actually in earnest about your bleatings of governmental culpability, how do you propose, in concrete terms, that the Central Government acknowledges its culpability? Or were you just hoping that they’d be sporting enough to do so on their own?There is a lot of obscurantist hogwash being bandied about by the media, effectively writing off the whole tragedy to the Government’s “errors of judgement” and “failure to read the mood of the people” – with the strong attendant implication that even if anyone is ‘culpable’, it is only in respect of misjudged political strategy! Our politicians – beginning with their ‘charismatic’ leader – knew perfectly well that this mock-election would entail bloodshed .Their only miscalculation was in respect of the amount. A few dozen deaths – no self-respecting politician balks at so paltry a price! The report in fact clearly indicates that there are many politicians who feel that even a few 100 battered children were ‘well spent’ – in the interests of democracy, of course!The chief elections, commissioner’s interview is a masterly exposition and pointer on how the essence is being obscured by flatulence from the ruling triumvirate of media, politicians and bureaucrats. He has commented at great length on the esoteric implications of avoiding election, deadlines, precedent, electoral rolls and existing laws – whereas all that was required of him was to rule decisively on whether or not it was possible to hold free and fair elections! Did it require great political and constitutional insight to answer that? No – but it probably did require standing up to Mrs Gandhi!Bombay J.N. BawaTo compare the carnage in Assam to the massacres in Shatila and Sabra in Lebanon is unfair. The violence in Lebanon was carried out with the tacit permission of the Israeli Government. No one can accuse the Indian Government of this.Faridabad Ashok SehraiIn the article “A Novel Judgement” (March 15) the Telugu words idena nyayam have been translated as ‘this is my justice’. The correct translation is ‘is this justice?’Coimbatqre G. Usha MohanWhat’s in a NAM?What is the use of lavishing a dozen’ pages of NAM (“Charting A New Course”, March 15) when it has become an irrelevant movement? A leading light of the movement relies on the USSR to such an extent that he even came to New Delhi on a Soviet plane. The members vie with each to stock arms and then fault the superpowers for doing the same thing. Numerous members are at war with neighbours but the organisation is trying to promote world peace. They talk of justice and have the worst human rights records in the world. Is it any wonder that NAM with its inner contradictions has no meaningful achievements to boast of? The summit, like the Asiad, is just another ruse to boost ruling party egos.Paramakud G. ParthasarathyNo FeedbackI can see no reason why the recommendations made by Department of Health and Family Welfare’s committees have not accepted for two years (“Code Of Misconduct”, March 15). Why spend so much time, energy and money on the committees if the Government will not accept their findings.”Ahmedabad P.G. KulkarniLow MoraleTo an old pilot the article “A Dangerous Drift” (February 28) made sad reading. While it is factual, it stops short of being complete. The article makes no mention of the fact that two versions of the Lafontaine committee were prepared – one for the Defence Ministry (which was the watered-down version) and one where the actual causes of human failure were set down was kept at air headquarters. Ironically Air Marshal Lafontaine has since been made the AOP and is responsible for the implementation of his recommendations.The problem in the IAF is one of motivation, stagnation and inadequate basic amenities. Any dynamic organisation should have movement upward and outward. Outward movement is blocked because the good officers are not allowed to leave while mediocre superseded officers refuse to leave. So stagnation spreads.Coimbatore Capt G. MuthuswamyThe most important factor for the IAF’s high accident rate is the growing discontent and dissatisfaction of ground duty officers. There is such a disparity between them and flying officers that morale has hit a dangerous low.New Delhi Flt Lt A.K, SinghPower Politics”Shabby Window Dressing” (February 28) shows that the Congress(I) leadership has learnt nothing. They must take definite steps to revitalise the party – not make pointless appointments and encourage futile actions. This is what happens to a party whose sole motive for existence is power.Bhatinda S. P. Singh
TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Emery tells Arsenal chiefs: Sell Ozil NOWby Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveArsenal boss Unai Emery wants to see Mesut Ozil sold this month.The Daily Mail says Emery wants the club to find an exit route for Ozil before the end of the January transfer window to free up funds to sign his own players. Arsenal are still to receive credible interest for the player, who does not want to go on loan and whose £350,000-a-week salary deters potential buyers. Emery has an agreement with Barcelona’s Denis Suarez but the Catalan club are stalling over a loan deal as they want a commitment from Arsenal to buy the player in the summer, something the Londoners are refusing to do. Emery’s trust in Ozil is now non-existent.
Story Highlights This provision is part of an initial $5 million, which the group generated from fundraising events to support the five clinics they have selected for assistance. The others include Mount Pleasant Health Centre, Portland; Elderslie Health Centre, St. Elizabeth; Lambs River Health Centre, Westmoreland; and Cascade Health Centre, Hanover. Residents of Enfield, St. Mary, have welcomed the adoption of their community’s health centre by the Jamaica 55 Charities Group in the United Kingdom (UK), under the Government’s Adopt-A-Clinic initiative. Residents of Enfield, St. Mary, have welcomed the adoption of their community’s health centre by the Jamaica 55 Charities Group in the United Kingdom (UK), under the Government’s Adopt-A-Clinic initiative.The organisation, comprising members of the Jamaican diaspora community in the UK, has provided $1 million to assist with improvements at the clinic in response to the Administration’s invitation for stakeholder support for the overall endeavour.This provision is part of an initial $5 million, which the group generated from fundraising events to support the five clinics they have selected for assistance.The others include Mount Pleasant Health Centre, Portland; Elderslie Health Centre, St. Elizabeth; Lambs River Health Centre, Westmoreland; and Cascade Health Centre, Hanover.They are among the 100 shortlisted under the government initiative, out of approximately 320 clinics islandwide, of which Enfield is the first to be adopted.The Group presented Health Minister, Dr. the Hon. Christopher Tufton, with a cheque for $5 million during his recent visit to London earlier this year.He, in turn, handed over a cheque in the sum of $1 million to the management of the Enfield Health Centre during a recent ceremony at the clinic to formally launch the partnership with the Jamaica 55 Charities Group.It is expected that the funds will be used to undertake renovations, and to install much needed equipment and tools.Based on the initiative’s objectives and the Charities Group’s gesture, residents of Enfield, numbering approximately 2,400, anticipate significant benefits redounding to them.Senior citizen, Cyril Thomas, is optimistic the partnership will result in improved healthcare delivery at the Enfield Clinic.“What has been said (about the proposed improvements)… we appreciate that very much. We appreciate this clinic very much… because (without it being here), I would have to travel far to get healthcare. But, because it is right here in the community, we are able to come in a short space of time when we feel sick, and get treatment,” he tells JIS News.Mr. Thomas also has high praises for the Centre’s staff, particularly the nurses and doctors, whom he describes as “courteous and nice”.“We (find no) fault with them. They are quite okay and they keep the compound very nice and clean. We greatly appreciate what has been said… and look forward to great things to come for the clinic,” he adds.Fellow senior citizen, Venus Mendez, is equally elated and tells JIS News that “I am feeling really happy because of what was announced”.Mrs. Mendez, who indicates that she has accessed healthcare at the Enfield clinic for all except 10 years of her life when she pursued engagements outside the community, says she, too, anticipates great benefits.“Yes I do. Sometimes when I come, I encounter a little delay in being attended to by a doctor or nurse… but I have never had to turn back. Although I have had to wait, I have always gotten through at all times. So, I know and do believe that the additional support that will be coming through the adopt-a-clinic programme will be very beneficial, and for that we are extremely grateful,” she adds.Her daughter, Carol Mendez, is also very upbeat about the anticipated outcomes of the arrangement.Recounting memories of her childhood involving the Centre, Ms. Mendez tells JIS News that “whenever we, as children of the community, got even a bruise, cut or scrape, we could always run to the nurse here and get it dressed”.Ms. Mendez says staff members were also keen on promoting proper dental hygiene and, as such, took steps to ensure that toothbrushes and toothpaste were available to the citizens, particularly the youngsters.The Adopt-A-Clinic initiative, which was launched in 2017, forms part of the Government’s undertaking to boost primary healthcare delivery, and is consistent with the Administration’s 2017/18 social protection policy priority.Its administration is spearheaded by the Ministry’s Health and Wellness Foundation.Speaking at the ceremony in Enfield, Dr. Tufton said the initiative provides a vehicle through which persons and organisations in Jamaica and overseas can contribute to further developing the health sector, especially in the communities from which they originated, “in a very organised way where we will ensure that what you are giving has real impact”.He said the Government’s implementation of the initiative is indicative of its priority focus on strengthening primary healthcare delivery.“Very often, we overlook and underestimate the importance and contribution of community healthcare delivery to the wellness of individuals and, by extension, the country. We have to stop (thinking like) that because the health of our country starts at the primary level,” the Minister argued.Against this background, Dr. Tufton said the Enfield Clinic “is giving birth to an initiative which we believe is important (to) community healthcare”.“I am told that last year, between 1,500 and 1,700 patients were seen at this facility. That is significant, because what it is doing is responding to the needs of this community,” he added.“Adopt-A-Clinic is an appeal to (local and international) community stakeholder partnership to give back to public health in a way that enhances the health and wellness of communities across Jamaica,” the Minister underscoredDr. Tufton also indicated that the Ministry has received expressions of interest for the adoption of about 50 clinics from other organisations, including several local corporate entities.
VAUGHAN, Ont. – Recipe Unlimited Corp. says some of its Swiss Chalet, Harvey’s, East Side Mario’s and other restaurants are experiencing a partial network outage after a malware outbreak.The company says it learned of the outbreak on Friday and as a precaution took a number of its systems offline and suspended internet access to affected locations.Some restaurants have been unable to process credit and debit card transactions as a result, though all of them can manually process credit card charges.A small number of restaurants have temporarily closed.The company says it’s continuing to work with security experts to resolve the situation.It did not immediately respond to a request for comment.Companies in this story: (TSX:RECP)
the open burning of any material (piled or unpiled) smaller than two metres high and three metres wide; andstubble or grass fires over an area smaller than 2,000 square metres.The prohibition does not apply to Category 3 fires or campfires that are a half-metre high by a half-metre wide or smaller, nor to cooking stoves that use gas, propane or briquettes. Anyone lighting a campfire must maintain a fireguard by removing flammable debris from around the campfire area and have a hand tool or at least eight litres of water available nearby to properly extinguish the fire.Anyone found in contravention of an open burning prohibition may be issued a violation ticket for $1,150, required to pay an administrative penalty of $10,000 or, if convicted in court, fined up to $100,000 and/or sentenced to one year in jail. If the contravention causes or contributes to a wildfire, the person responsible may be ordered to pay all firefighting and associated costs.To report a wildfire or open burning violation, call 1 800 663-5555 toll-free or *5555 on a cellphone. For the latest information on current wildfire activity, burning restrictions, road closures and air quality advisories, go to: http://www.bcwildfire.ca PRINCE GEORGE, B.C. – Category 2 open burns will be prohibited throughout the Prince George Fire Centre and that includes all of northeast B.C.The prohibition will take effect at 12 p.m. on Thursday May 23 and will remain in effect until the public is notified.Category 2 fire is considered one of the following: